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The Future of Hardware – Part 2: The Trends

As both the future of hardware and the way that hardware is manufactured continues to evolve, here are some of the important changes I see shaping the future of hardware.

Greater Level of Abstraction (in the future of hardware)

When we built the first Roomba in the early 2,000’s, our team needed to create custom H-Bridges on the PCB to drive the motors, and then write the low level code to get them to spin. This process took weeks to design, build, assemble, test, debug, and repeat. Today, with a Tessel, you can be spinning motors over the air in five minutes with just a few lines of code. By standing on the shoulders of those who have come before, it’s possible to get a proof of concept working much faster and less expensively than ever before. As the next logical step, we see the building blocks of the future enabling a transition to manufacturing with the same chipset and code. These new building blocks will provide further abstraction to smooth the transition from prototype to production through the use of EE and SW modules (ME will remain custom, but may evolve with production 3D printing).

Supply Chain Complexity

Most of the “easy” ideas (i.e. accelerometer, radio, processor and battery) are already out there, and the next wave of companies will innovate through the combination of disparate supply chains. Building on these combinations, the quantity and diversity of products will continue to increase.

Crossing the Manufacturing Valley of Death

Driven by the democratization of the future of hardware and powered by crowdfunding, demand for lower initial volumes (5k – 10k units) will increase. These volumes are ideally suited for domestic manufacturing, and will drive the global creation of local manufacturing models that can compete with factories located at great distances from the end consumer. To be competitive, local factories will need to build selective, flexible automation to combat rising labor costs.

Factory Selection

Companies will need to find and match with trusted factories. Likewise, factories will need to find suitable customers that are a good fit for their capabilities and growth. Efficient manufacturing expertise and network access will continue to be a competitive advantage to manage cost, quality and schedule.


Thoughts? Are there other trends that I missed? Let me know. And if you missed it, check out The Future of Hardware – Part 1: The Tools and Technology here.


  • MRPEasy commented on May 3, 2015 Reply

    More and more things are being developed by smaller teams, making it more difficult for big companies to innovate fast enough. Projects offered on Kickstarter are a great example – they are innovative, desirable and have passionate teams behind them.

  • TOMAS commented on July 4, 2015 Reply

    I think that the most important innovation comes not only through supply chain complexity as described, but largely from the ability to monitor the advancement and consequently integrate new promising HW and SW technologies together.

    In other words its not just growing while seeking new implementations of existing solutions, but by fusing perspective software capabilities with evolving hardware components/solutions.

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